8-10 March 2010
Main Messages from the Workshop
The second capacity building workshop for negotiators and stakeholders on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD-plus), held in Hue, Vietnam, 8-10 March 2010, aimed to:
* Assess the outcomes of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference in regard to REDD-plus and reducing emissions from other land uses;
* Determine the way forward in the international REDD-plus negotiations;
* Share experiences from pilot projects on ways to achieve cost-effective and verifiable reductions in GHG emissions including sharing information on REDD-plus methodologies and technical issues; and
* Identify priorities, strategies and opportunities for collaboration for REDD-plus readiness and implementation.
The workshop was delivered by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the Alternatives to Slash and Burn for the Tropical Forest Margins, World Agroforestry Centre (ASB-ICRAF), with the generous support of the Government of Norway, and the endorsement of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) Vietnam.
The key messages of the second workshop for the Asian region were:
Key Messages for Negotiators
* Send a strong signal on REDD is needed to alleviate the global policy risk that REDD will not be approved. Negotiators need to indicate that REDD will continue regardless of the state of negotiation on a broader post-2012 climate agreement.
* Situate REDD in its broader policy context. i.e., REDD is a fiscal and policy driver for other policy issues that are important to government, for example biodiversity and livelihoods.
* Learn from the failures of the CDM, for example, the inequitable distribution and geographic allocations. Options could include softer requirements for least developed countries.
* Draw on SBSTA to help develop the key building blocks of REDD, e.g., safeguards, MRV and reference levels. Use empirical and concrete evidence to inform the negotiations.
* Separate REDD, AFOLU and NAMAs in the short term to increase the likelihood of agreement of REDD.
* Make submissions to SBSTA calling for a specific programme of work on agriculture that is taken up in June 2010.
* Develop clear guidance is needed on the baseline year for reference scenarios.
* Develop guidelines for stakeholder consultations, and work to ensure that the REDD mechanism has significant funds for stakeholder consultations. Research is needed to determine the costs of engaging stakeholders.
Key messages for the Norwegian/French interim fast-track REDD Initiative
* Mechanisms are needed to engage NGOs and civil society in this initiative. What are governance mechanisms of the new initiative? Are there creative ways to allow stakeholder and other actors to be constructive implementers of decisions out of that forum?
* The initiative should not be parallel to the UNFCCC process, but should feed into the UNFCCC negotiations.
* A transparent, inclusive, accessible fund is needed. Countries need to know why some countries receive funding for readiness, and others do not. It is important to provide funding for countries not currently under UN-REDD and FCPF.
* Input or feedback from UN-REDD projects should inform these discussions.
Priorities for Follow-up (Phase II)
* Share information and encourage networking between negotiators and stakeholders. This is important to build common positions and strategies for the REDD negotiations.
* Share information about good practices, and opportunities and challenges in the implementation of REDD projects. Of importance is conveying lessons learned-e.g., implementation, MRV, accessing funding-to negotiators; learning from those at the forefront; and building linkages in the region
* Hold a joint meeting of the Asia and Africa groups on the margins of the next SBSTA meeting in Bonn.
* Learn how to access public and private funds (e.g., what is required of countries). Involving representatives from the financial world to provide a real perspective of how countries can access funding through the carbon market.
* Learn how to develop sustainable REDD projects that will have positive impacts on livelihoods at the community level.
* Continue work on the coordination of issues and positions as they evolve.
* Collaborate to develop priorities for the programme of work of agriculture.