Suitability of key Central American agroforestry species under future climates: an Atlas

Suitability of key Central American agroforestry species under future climates: an Atlas

de Sousa K, van Zonneveld M, Imbach P, Casanoves F, Kindt R, Ordonez JC. 2017. Suitability of Key Central American Agroforestry Species Under Future Climates: An Atlas. ICRAF Occasional paper No. 26. Turrialba-Costa Rica.

 de Sousa K, van Zonneveld M, Imbach P, Casanoves F, Kindt R, Ordoñez JC 2017, Atlas de aptitud de especies agroforestales claves bajo climas futuros en América Central. ICRAF Artículo Ocasional No. 26. Turrialba-Costa Rica.

Description

This atlas provides habitat suitability maps for 54 species that are widely used in Central America for shade in coffee or cocoa agroforestry systems. The 54 species represent 24 fruit species, 24 timber species and 6 species used for soil fertility improvement. Suitability maps correspond to the baseline climate (1960-1990) and 2050 climates predicted for Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5. Habitat was classified as suitable in future climates if a minimum of 12 out of 17 downscaled Global Circulation Models predicted suitable climates. Details of the methodology of ensemble suitability modelling with the BiodiversityR package are provided in the atlas.

The atlas was developed to support climate change oriented initiatives for diversification and conservation of forest genetic resources across Central America. Farmers, scientists and technicians can use the atlas to identify suitable and vulnerable areas for shade species and develop strategies for climate change adaptation.

This work has been possible by the financial support of the CGIAR research program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA; supported by the CGIAR Fund Donors); the CGIAR research program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS; supported by the CGIAR Fund Donors) and HIVOS. The authors of this atlas are scientists of Bioversity International, CATIE and the World Agroforestry Centre.

 

Download the atlas (PDF)

Entire atlasEnglish (19.8 MB)Spanish (19.8 MB)
Front matterEnglish (2 MB)Spanish (2 MB)
AppendixesEnglish (588.93 KB)Spanish (610.24 KB)

Fruit Species

   
Anacardium occidentaleEnglish 569.74KB Spanish 550.38KB
Annona cherimolaEnglish 557.90KB Spanish 538.58KB
Artocarpus altilisEnglish 529.33KB Spanish 509.98KB
Averrhoa bilimbiEnglish 537.31KB Spanish 518.10KB
Averrhoa carambolaEnglish 552.39KB Spanish 532.91KB
Bactris gasipaesEnglish 521.88KB Spanish 502.30KB
Byrsonima crassifoliaEnglish 601.31KB Spanish 582.72KB
Chrysobalanus icacoEnglish 557.06KB Spanish 538.50KB
Chrysophyllum cainitoEnglish 578.73KB Spanish 559.92KB
Citrus sinensisEnglish 589.55KB Spanish 570.24KB
Cocos nuciferaEnglish 579.02KB Spanish 577.67KB
Eugenia stipitataEnglish 563.01KB Spanish 544.63KB
Genipa americanaEnglish 632.37KB Spanish 614.75KB
Mammea americanaEnglish 605.13KB Spanish 587.86KB
Mangifera indicaEnglish 668.84KB Spanish 650.95KB
Manilkara zapotaEnglish 632.67KB Spanish 615.58KB
Melicoccus bijugatusEnglish 624.95KB Spanish 607.45KB
Persea americanaEnglish 702.99KB Spanish 685.87KB
Pouteria sapotaEnglish 634.48KB Spanish 617.67KB
Psidium friedrichsthalianumEnglish 674.34KB Spanish 658.06KB
Psidium guajavaEnglish 716.66KB Spanish 700.07KB
Spondias mombinEnglish 674.65KB Spanish 658.19KB
Spondias purpureaEnglish 671.26KB Spanish 655.13KB
Syzygium malaccenseEnglish 661.01KB Spanish 644.76KB

Timber species

   
Albizia samanEnglish 560.01KB Spanish 538.66KB
Alvaradoa amorphoidesEnglish 538.82KB Spanish 518.68KB
Anacardium excelsumEnglish 501.91KB Spanish 482.68KB
Andira inermisEnglish 555.54KB Spanish 535.56KB
Astronium graveolensEnglish 577.40KB Spanish 558.19KB
Carapa guianensisEnglish 527.98KB Spanish 508.98KB
Cassia grandisEnglish 581.82KB Spanish 562.82KB
Cedrela odorataEnglish 608.33KB Spanish 589.82KB
Cordia alliodoraEnglish 614.44KB Spanish 595.75KB
Cordia collococcaEnglish 576.58KB Spanish 557.88KB
Dalbergia glomerataEnglish 598.62KB Spanish 580.30KB
Diphysa americanaEnglish 598.13KB Spanish 580.17KB
Enterolobium cyclocarpumEnglish 606.75KB Spanish 588.28KB
Handroanthus ochraceusEnglish 619.12KB Spanish 600.70KB
Hymenaea courbarilEnglish 648.07KB Spanish 630.51KB
Maclura tinctoriaEnglish 657.48KB Spanish 640.07KB
Pachira quinataEnglish 618.70KB Spanish 602.40KB
Pentaclethra macrolobaEnglish 610.51KB Spanish 593.56KB
Platymiscium dimorphandrumEnglish 668.47KB Spanish 651.95KB
Roseodendron donnell-smithiiEnglish 660.05KB Spanish 644.22KB
Schizolobium parahybaEnglish 661.13KB Spanish 644.57KB
Swietenia macrophyllaEnglish 668.51KB Spanish 651.99KB
Tabebuia roseaEnglish 672.94KB Spanish 656.91KB
Terminalia oblongaEnglish 655.60KB Spanish 639.56KB

soil fertility species

   
Erythrina berteroanaEnglish 595.25KB Spanish 577.19KB
Gliricidia sepiumEnglish 609.85KB Spanish 591.84KB
Inga jinicuilEnglish 620.19KB Spanish 602.37KB
Inga oerstedianaEnglish 627.19KB Spanish 609.27KB
Inga punctataEnglish 639.10KB Spanish 621.06KB
Inga veraEnglish 666.77KB Spanish 649.03KB

Download suitability layers from the landscape portal

Suitability layers for each of the species can be downloaded from the ICRAF landscape portal. From the landscape portal it is also possible to create maps with these layers.

Suitability layers for fruit species

Anacardium occidentale

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Annona cherimola

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Artocarpus altilis

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Averrhoa bilimbi

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Averrhoa carambola

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Bactris gasipaes

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Byrsonima crassifolia

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Chrysobalanus icaco

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Chrysophyllum cainito

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Citrus sinensis

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Cocos nucifera

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Eugenia stipitata

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Genipa americana

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Mammea americana

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Mangifera indica

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Manilkara zapota

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Melicoccus bijugatus

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Persea americana

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Pouteria sapota

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Psidium friedrichsthalianum

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Psidium guajava

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Spondias mombin

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Spondias purpurea

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Syzygium malaccense

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

 

Suitability layers for timber species

Albizia saman

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Alvaradoa amorphoides

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Anacardium excelsum

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Andira inermis

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Astronium graveolens

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Carapa guianensis

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Cassia grandis

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Cedrela odorata

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Cordia alliodora

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Cordia collococca

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Dalbergia glomerata

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Diphysa americana

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Enterolobium cyclocarpum

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Handroanthus ochraceus

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Hymenaea courbaril

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Maclura tinctoria

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Pachira quinata

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Pentaclethra macroloba

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Platymiscium dimorphandrum

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Roseodendron donnell-smithii

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Schizolobium parahyba

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Swietenia macrophylla

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Tabebuia rosea

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Terminalia oblonga

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

 

Suitability layers for soil fertility improvement species

Erythrina berteroana

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Gliricidia sepium

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Inga jinicuil

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Inga oerstediana

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Inga punctata

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change

Inga vera

baseline

RCP45

RCP45 change

RCP85

RCP85 change