A landscape is both a physical and a social unit, where socio-ecological systems interact. Social systems in fact, underpin differential preferences and expectations of stakeholders on landscape functions. It has been recognized that women play significant and multiple roles at household, farm, and landscape levels, yet many research and development interventions do not take cognizant of these roles when it comes to land use or farm-level decision-making. Women stereotypes have often led to misconception of what women can do about landscape conditions. This study therefore aims to determine the differences in appreciation of landscape functions by women and men, to better design gender-responsive/sensitive landscape management interventions that benefit both women and men. The study hypothesized that ‘appreciation of tree cover and its associated ecosystem services varies with gender, wealth, cultural backgrounds, ecological knowledge and exposure to extreme events, leading to diversity of opinion and preferences for status quo and possible changes in tree cover’.
The study objectives are:
- To characterize gender-specific appreciation of landscape multi-functionality
- To determine gendered roles, access and control including decision-making in land use decisions
- To identify gendered-approaches that help reconcile gendered differences in ‘landscape appreciation’ and promote complementation of men and women