Projects

Region projects(ongoing & completed)

Indonesian Rural Economic Development
In the eastern part of Sumba Island in Nusa Tenggara Timur Province, Indonesia, 30 existing agroforestry demonstration trials in seven villages are being assessed by World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) researchers, with corresponding experiments with...

Biodiversity and Watersheds Improved for Stronger Economy and Ecosystem Resilience
BackgroundPhilippine biodiversity is among the most endangered in the world and the country is marked as the third-most vulnerable to climate change. Fueled by pressure for rapid economic growth, the increasing demand for food, energy and other goods has...

Locally-appropriate Mitigation Actions in Indonesia
Background Indonesia's per capita emissions come mostly from conversion of peat land and forests to other uses, meaning that changes to development planning are needed, amongst other measures. Land-based reductions will generate 80–90% of the total reductions...

Green Economy and Locally Appropriate Mitigation in Indonesia
Green Economy and Locally Appropriate Mitigation in Indonesia is a joint program of the World Agroforestry Centre with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS).GE-LAMA-I...

Agroforestry and Forestry in Sulawesi: Linking Knowledge with Action
Background The island of Sulawesi, home to numerous and diverse animal and plant species found nowhere else in the world, is also facing numerous challenges:Farmers mostly rely on a limited number of crops; this results in inconsistent income owing to...

Participatory Monitoring by Civil Society of Land-use Planning for Low-emissions Development Strategies
BackgroundThe Indonesian Government has shown serious commitment and taken a leading role in fostering global climate-change mitigation. It is articulated through an ambitious target of reducing emissions by as much as 41% (26% from unilateral effort and 15%...

Climate-smart, Tree-based, Co-investment in Adaptation and Mitigation in Asia
Project goals and rationaleSmallholding farmers in Asia and the Pacific are exposed to financial and environmental risks from changes to the climate and their vulnerability is increased owing to weak capacity to adapt to the changes. Yet these farmers are...

Development of timber and non-timber forest products’ production and market strategies for improvement of smallholders...
Background.Combining tree planting with NTFP management has been an important part of local farmers’ livelihoods’ strategies for a long time, with each element playing a different role. Integration of improved production and marketing of smallholders’ timber...

ASEAN-Swiss Partnership on Social Forestry and Climate Change, Phase 2
 Background Very large numbers of rural households in Viet Nam earn much of their incomes from selling timber products. Growing pressures on agricultural lands lead to forest extraction and conversion, exacerbating climate change and adversely affecting...

Agroforestry for livelihoods of smallholder famers in Northwest Vietnam
 Complex agroforestry systems (CAFS) trial in Co Noi, Mai Sơn, Son La (Photo: ICRAF Vietnam/Pham Duc Thanh)Son tra (Docynia indica) top-working experiment in Toa Tinh, tuan Giao, Dien Bien (Photo: ICRAF Vietnam/Pham Duc Thanh)Training...

Protecting biodiversity through improved community forest management and agroforestry
ObjectiveThe purpose of the project is to establish community-driven, sustainable forest management and agroforestry systems to maintain biodiversity and other environmental services, buffer habitat quality, secure land rights and improve livelihoods in three...

OML Center - ICRAF Partnership Approach: Generating Science-based Solutions for Climate Resilient Communities in the...
                                           ...

Watershed evaluation for sustainable use of sloping agricultural land in the southern Philippines
BackgroundPoverty in the Philippines is greatest in upland watersheds where agriculture provides the economic base. Sloping lands (≥18%) comprise an estimated 45% of the total land area in the Philippines and directly support approximately 30% of the...

Quantification of material transfer in Layawan Watershed, Misamis Occidental, Philippines
The objective of the project “From Ridge to Reef: An Ecosystem Based Approach to Biodiversity Conservation and Development” (EB-ABCD) was to address key issues affecting biodiversity conservation considering the practical need for natural resource utilization...

Agroforestry for livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Northwest Viet Nam
BackgroundAbout 3.4 million people (4% of Vietnam's population) live in the five north-western provinces in culturally diverse communities made up of 30 ethnic groups. The landscape can be divided into three agro-ecological zones, being a lower zone (below...

Southeast Asian Network for Agroforestry Education
The Southeast Asian Network for Agroforestry (SEANAFE) is a network of 85 member institutions in five country networks; in Indonesia, Laos, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.Since 1999, SEANAFE has been working towards improving agroforestry education,...

Evidence Based Forestry (EBF) Systematic Review of Long Fallow Swidden Systems in Southeast Asia. A Longitudinal...
Background:Swidden fallow systems have recently been described as ‘living landscapes’, where the interlinkages between forest, farm and land support livelihoods and the potential to sequester carbon to mitigate climate change. Indeed, UN-REDD policy debates...

Sustaining ecosystem and carbon benefits by unlocking reversal of emissions drivers in landscapes
IssueVietnam is one of the pilot countries for Reducing Emission from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) initiative. The country has gained forests at more than 2% per annum over the last 20 years, making it one of the few tropical countries on the...

From Reef to Ridge: An Ecosystem Based Approach to Biodiveristy Conservation and Development in the Philippines (EB-...
BackgroundInterconnected coastal systems composed of coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, beaches, estuaries and the watersheds, forests and other upland ecosystems that feed them have historically been the basis for subsistence, security and culture of...

Mainstreaming climate change in biodiversity planning and conservation in the Philippines
RationaleThis project is a local climate-change initiative that develops strategies and actions to address climate change threats to terrestrial biodiversity and tropical forests in the Philippines. It also supports the Philippines Medium Term Development...

Sustainable livelihood options and carbon rights as basis for efficient and fair emission reduction in the Central...
Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership (KFCP) is a new initiative in the form of pilot projects to demonstrate effective ways of reducing emission from peatlands through REDD scheme. The Australian Government has provided major investment (30 M A$) for...

Connecting the Ikalahan to Voluntary Carbon Market
BackgroundClimate change has become a serious threat globally with potentially severe ecological and socio-economic consequences. For these reasons, interventions that can simultaneously contribute to sequestering greenhouse gas emissions and alleviate...

Accountability and Local Level Initiative to Reduce Emission from Deforestation and Degradation in Indonesia
Main activitiesDevelopment of national carbon accounting and monitoring systems that are in compliance with Tier 3 IPCC reporting guidelines;Development of technical capacities at (sub)national levels to contribute to national carbon accounting and monitoring...

Improving economic outcomes for smallholders growing teak in agroforestry systems in Indonesia (ACIAR-Teak)
BackgroundTeak production and furniture manufacture is a major industry in Java, with about 1.5 million households in the region currently growing teak. Although teak has a high value, smallholder farmers are not benefiting from its production as they should...

The carbon footprint and opportunity cost of oil palm production in Indonesia
ActivitiesSince the project's inception in 2009, we liaised with the Indonesian Palm Oil Commission to develop the research design, plan activities and assign responsibilities and held a workshop with participants from various palm oil companies to prepare...

Toward a biodiverse rubber estate: quick biodiversity survey of Bridgestone Sumatra Rubber Estate, North Sumatra,...
ObjectiveThis project will assess the biodiversity of the Bridgestone Sumatra Rubber Estate and surrounding smallholder plantations, gathering and analysing data essential for any future planning to conserve and enhance biodiversity at the site. The...

Human livelihoods, ecosystem services and the habitat of the Sumatran orangutan: rapid assessment in Batang Toru and...
The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), in collaboration with PanEco and Yayasan Ekosistem Lestari, conducted a rapid assessment of carbon stock and carried out spatial, livelihoods and cost-benefit analyses for orangutan habitat at the two sites. We used...

Efficient and fair ways of avoiding carbon emissions in Indonesia's forest margins: next steps in negotiation...
BackgroundThe forests of Indonesia are contested territory: with only 10% legally state forest out of the 63% of Indonesia that is considered functional forest lands, more than half of the country is the basis of simmering or open conflict. Who owns the...

Enhancing tree seedling supply via economic and policy changes in the Philippines nursery sector (Q Seedlings)
BackgroundACIAR project scientists in the Philippines determined that the current organisation of the public and private sector nurseries was not providing farmers with seedlings of appropriate quality in an equitable manner. This project aimed to improve the...

Overcoming Barriers to Smallholder Carbon Forestry Development in the Philippines
BackgroundClimate change and variability are the most important challenges that beset developing countries like the Philippines due to their strong reliance on natural resources (the forests especially) and on the agricultural activities. For countries that...

Power relations and REDD: unpacking 'carbon rights' and addressing the question of legality in Indonesia
BackgroundIn Indonesia, the question of legality has been at the centre of the debate on sustainable forest management and forest law enforcement over the past 10 years. The World Agroforestry Center continues to provide research that has substantially...

Expand community-based natural resources and environmental services management links with poverty reduction, markets,...
ObjectiveThe goal was to link scientific knowledge with action to help Konsepsi improve land tenure, water supply, agroforestry, community activities, gender equity and markets. The skills of Konsepsi staff and others involved were to be improved through...

Eco-certified natural rubber from sustainable rubber agroforests in Sumatra, Indonesia
Potential of eco-certification of rubber agroforestryQuality remains the most important aspect of natural rubber for most companies though there is already a demand from both the consumer and the producer for eco-certified rubber. This demand can be further...

Are conditional and realistic REDD mechanisms feasible in Berau district, East Kalimantan? Carbon emissions from LULUCF...
The project aims to assist stakeholders of Berau districts in their preparedness to operate a REDD scheme and therefore provide some demonstrable operational REDD scheme to nation-wide forest carbon communities through the pioneering effort of REDD...

Carbon emissions and socio-economic impacts of biofuel production from oil palm in Indonesia: A pilot study
This proposed study is targeted to contribute to the international debate on the ecological impacts of biofuel production from oil palm, particularly looking at the carbon footprints from the plantation establishment (land use changes) and plantation...

Pages