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Journal Article
Article TitleSDG synergy between agriculture and forestry in the food, energy, water and income nexus: reinventing agroforestry?
AuthorMeine van Noordwijk, Lalisa A. Duguma, Sonya Dewi, Beria Leimona, Delia C. Catacutan, Betha Lusiana, Ingrid Oborn, Kurniatun Hairiah and Peter A Minang
Journal TitleScience Direct
Call NumberJA00728-18
Among the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) three broad groups coexist: first, articulating demand for further human resource appropriation, second, sustaining the resource base, and third, redistributing power and benefits. Agriculture and forestry jointly interact with all three. The SDG portfolio calls for integrated land use management. Technological alternatives shift the value of various types of land use (forests, trees and agricultural practices) as source of ‘ecosystem services’. At the interface of agriculture and forestry the 40-year old term agroforestry has described technologies (AF1) and an approach to multifunctional landscape management (AF2). A broadened Land Equivalence Ratio (LER) as performance metric indicates efficiency. Agroforestry also is an opportunity to transcend barriers between agriculture and forestry as separate policy domains (AF3). Synergy between policy domains can progress from recognized tradeoffs and accepted coexistence, via common implementation frames, to space for shared innovation. Further institutional space for integral ‘all-land- uses’ approaches is needed.
“The existence of large numbers of people in the fragile ecosystems of the developing world, and the fact that these ecosystems occupy the greater proportion of the land of the developing economies, suggest that means must be devised which will assist in increasing the productivity of these eco- systems while at the same time either rehabilitating them or arresting the process of degradation. Agroforestry is a system of land management which seems to be suitable for these ecologically brittle areas. It combines the protective characteristics of forestry with the productive attributes of both forestry and agriculture. It conserves and produces.”
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