Negotiating pro-poor policies and incentives for enhancing tree-based environmental services
If the role of trees in providing environmental services can be realistically assessed, then appropriate incentives and regulatory approaches can be negotiated among stakeholders. The difficulty with establishing fair policies and incentives is in ensuring efficiency and fairness to the poor, women and untitled landholders, as well as in sustaining management and policy approaches.
Our goal is for successful environmental service mechanisms to be implemented in a range of sites across Africa, Asia and Latin America. This will work towards maintaining critical ecosystem services and enhancing farmer welfare.
Pro-poor rewards for environmental services in Africa (PRESA)
PRESA promotes healthy landscapes and sustainable rural livelihoods through innovative market-based reward mechanisms. The aim is to catalyse policy support and private sector participation for fair and effective environmental service agreements between ecosystem stewards and beneficiaries. ICRAF is working with stakeholders in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Guinea.
Rewarding the upland poor in Asia for the environmental services they provide (RUPES)
RUPES aims to enhance livelihoods and reduce poverty while supporting environmental conservation on biodiversity protection, watershed management, carbon sequestration and landscape beauty at local and global levels. There are RUPES study sites in Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, China, Nepal and India.