Seed is the most important input of any tree planting or reforestation program. Adequate quantities of seed assure planting targets can be achieved. The use of quality seed - combined with good planning and management - leads to high tree survival, fast tree growth, and program success. Unfortunately, the availability of tree seed is often limited. Surveys indicate that nearly all Indonesia-based non-government organizations (NGOs) and farmers groups active in tree planting activities lack access to tree seed of adequate quantity and quality. Many projects and government offices face similar shortages. This problem is exasperated by a paucity of information concerning tree seed suppliers. At the national and provincial levels some lists of tree seed suppliers exist, but they are not widely circulated nor frequently updated. In the international directory of tree seed suppliers published by ICRAF in 2002 only one Indonesia firm is listed.
The majority of tree seed used in Indonesia is collected, exchanged and traded through the informal sector. The seed collectors and traders involved in this sector generally have little formal training in seed technology. They record and report little information concerning the source and quality of the seed they collect. This lack of information makes it difficult for consumers to evaluate the seed available from these suppliers. In Indonesia the informal seed sector operates on personal linkages of past contacts and word of mouth. Some suppliers are able to sell large quantities of seed because of strong customer linkages. Based on past experience, these suppliers collect seed to fill specific orders and meet anticipated last-minute orders. However, the potential of most suppliers is limited because they lack strong consumer linkages. Likewise most consumers (seed users) have little idea where to secure seed and consistenly suffer seed shortages. Projects and NGOs may contract local farmers to collect small volumes of seed, but for large volumes they contact big seed suppliers in Central and East Java. Some of the seed sold by these big suppliers is collected on outer islands, shipped to Java and then re-sold to consumers on outer islands - sometimes to the same islands from which the seed was originally collected. The information and linkage gap between consumers and suppliers in Indonesia causes the national tree seed collection - distribution pathways to be inefficient, resulting in higher prices and seed of sub-optimal quality.
This directory was developed to address the tree seed information and linkage gaps prevalent in Indonesia. It provides reliable information to seed consumers - farmers, NGOs, projects, government institutions and others - and promotes the services and products of seed suppliers*. Most importantly the directory provides a channel for consumers and suppliers to build linkages. The information in the directory was collected through a survey of 140 seed suppliers operating throughout Indonesia. The seed suppliers were identified by compiling the experience of five forest tree seed centers (BPTH - Balai Perbenihan Tanaman Hutan located in Palembang, Bandung, Denpasar, Banjar Baru, and Ujung Pandang) ; the Directorate of Forest Tree Seed (DFTS), Ministry of Forestry; and ICRAF/Winrock's network of NGOs, farmer groups and development organizations. In addition to the survey, more information was gathered through interviews of key seed suppliers in Wonogiri, Central Java and Ponorogo, East Java, which are the primary sources of tree seed in Indonesia.
The current document is the second edition of the directory. Detailed information is provide for 63 seed suppliers in the main section of the directory, nearly a 50% increased over the first edition. An additional 65 seed suppliers are listed in Appendix 1. Other appendices provide information on : determining seed requirements; pre-sowing requirements for priority species; examples of certificates of seed quality and seed source; and the addresses of the regional forest tree seed centers. Another feature of the second edition are English language translations or keys for all sections of the directory, intended to facilitate use of the directory by non-Indonesian speakers.
The second edition of the directory is a valuable tool for both seed consumers and suppliers in Indonesia. However the information in this directory is valuable only when it is used. Thus we authorize free use, exchange and photocopying of the directory with proper acknowledgement to the authors and relevant organizations. As with any such document, the directory is a work in progress. Inevitably some supplier have been left out of the directory and the services and products provide by suppliers will change over time. We encourage further input to help strengthen the information included in this directory. Correspondence regarding new listings and updates should be sent to the address listed below.
ICRAf, the World Agroforestry Centre
Trees and Market Unit
Jl. Cifor Situ Gede Sindang Barang
P.O. Box 161, Bogor 16001
Tel : 0251-625415, 625417; Fax : 0251-625416
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
* The organizations included in this directory are all tree seed suppliers, additionally some also produce and supply seedlings.
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